“黑人与白人的差距可能与受教育的机会有关。”是何凯文每日一句第102句的主要内容,小伙伴们,2020考研英语复习应该持之以恒,跟着文都英语老师KK,一天学习一个句子,文都考研已经给你安排的明明白白,还怕拖延症和掉队吗?

何凯文每日一句第102句

今天的句子:

第一部分:

Amid what is likely to become the longest period of sustained economic growth on record, a new report shows that millions of middle-class and low-income Americans still aren’t on solid enough ground to weather a sustained downturn.

思考题1:

The sustained economic growth will lead to the sustained downturn.

第二部分:

The disparities are sharp even among Americans who attended college. About 28 percent of black people are behind on their student loans, as are 15 percent of Hispanics.The number for white people is just 7 percent. The gap may be related to access to education — black Americans were more than five times as likely than whites to have attended a for-profit university.

思考题2:

The gap between black and white has much to do with access to education.

思考题3:

The black people maybe more likely to be rejected by the non-for-profit university.

单词:

1. weather 抵抗,抵御,渡过

2. behind on loans 拖欠贷款

3. Hispanics 拉美裔的美国人

4. disparities 差异,差距=gap

5. for-profit university 盈利性大学

第一部分:

Amid what is likely to become the longest period of sustained economic growth on record, a new report shows that millions of middle-class and low-income Americans still aren’t on solid enough ground to weather a sustained downturn.

主干识别:

a new report shows that

其他成分:

1. Amid what is likely to become the longest period of sustained economic growth on record

2. millions of middle-class and low-income Americans still aren’t on solid enough ground to weather a sustained downturn

参考译文:

当下很可能成为有记录以来最 长的持续经济增长期,虽然处于这样一个阶段,一份新的报告显示,数以百万计的中产阶级和低收入美国人仍然没有足够稳固的基础来抵御持续的经济下滑。

(也就是说,一旦经济变差,人们的日子马上就会不好过。)

思考题1:

The sustained economic growth will lead to the sustained downturn.

持续的经济增长会可能导致持续的经济滑坡。

不对!文中没有说!属于没有提及!

出题人如果下狠手还可能这样出题:

The sustained economic growth is likely to cause the sustained downturn.

这样说也不对。因为文中确实没有两者因果关系的依据。

第二部分:

The disparities are sharp even among Americans who attended college. About 28 percent of black people are behind on their student loans, as are 15 percent of Hispanics.The number for white people is just 7 percent. The gap may be related to access to education — black Americans were more than five times as likely than whites to have attended a for-profit university.

1. The disparities are sharp even among Americans who attended college.

2. About 28 percent of black people are behind on their student loans, as are 15 percent of Hispanics.

As= behind on their student loans

=15 percent of Hispanics are behind on their student loans.

3. The number for white people is just 7 percent.

4. The gap may be related to access to education — black Americans were more than five times as likely than whites to have attended a for-profit university.

参考译文:

即使是在上大学的美国人中,差距也是很大的。大约28%的黑人拖欠学生贷款,15%的西班牙裔美国人也是如此。白人的比例只有7%。这一差距可能与受教育的机会有关-美国黑人上营利性大学的可能性是白人的五倍多。0

所以思考题:

思考题2:

The disparity between black and white has much to do with access to education.

黑人和白人的差异和受教育的机会有关。

这是对最后一句的同义替换。

Gap= disparity

这是正确的!

思考题3:

The black people maybe more likely to be rejected by the non-for-profit university.

黑人更可能被非盈利类的大学拒收。

正确!

文中说了,之所以黑人学生更容易拖欠贷款就是因为他们上的是盈利类的学校。

也就是说他们被非盈利学校拒绝的可能性更大。

这样的可能性是有依据的,而且加了maybe.

这是正话反说,你好好体会一下,我们讲过很多次的

文章背景和来源:何凯文每日一句

 

——KK

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